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Wwft monitoring

Understanding Wwft Monitoring in Financial Compliance

Wwft monitoring is an essential aspect of compliance under the Dutch Prevention of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Act (Wwft). Financial institutions are required to engage in ongoing monitoring of their customers, which includes scrutinizing business relationships and transactions to prevent financial crimes.

Types of Wwft Monitoring

Wwft Monitoring incorporates several forms:

  • Periodic Review: This involves periodically updating information about the client and adjusting their risk profile as necessary, based on risk-based measures.
  • Event-Driven Review: Triggered by specific risk signals, this review requires a renewed client screening to update the client profile and potentially adjust the risk profile.
  • Screening Against Sanction Lists: It involves checking client files against EU and Dutch sanctions lists, often supplemented by other international lists like the US OFAC.
  • Transaction Monitoring: This measure helps manage money laundering and terrorist financing risks by monitoring customer accounts and transactions to detect unusual patterns.

The Role of Transaction Monitoring

Transaction monitoring is crucial for understanding the nature and background of clients and their financial behavior. It helps in detecting anomalous transaction patterns and complying with reporting obligations. A transaction profile for each client is established to ensure transactions match the knowledge of the customer and their risk profile.

Reporting Unusual Transactions

Institutions must report any transaction that is unusual or gives rise to suspicion of money laundering or terrorist financing. These reports must be made without delay once the unusual nature of the transaction is known.


1. What is Wwft monitoring?

Wwft monitoring refers to the process of continuously assessing customer relationships and transactions to identify and mitigate risks of money laundering and terrorist financing as per the Dutch Wwft Act.

2. What are the different forms of Wwft monitoring?

Wwft monitoring includes periodic reviews of client information, event-driven reviews based on specific risk signals, screening against sanction lists, and transaction monitoring.

3. Why is transaction monitoring essential in Wwft compliance?

Transaction monitoring is key to understanding clients’ financial behavior, detecting unusual or suspicious transaction patterns, and fulfilling reporting obligations for potential money laundering or terrorist financing activities.


4. When should a financial institution report a transaction as unusual?

A transaction should be reported as unusual if it deviates from the expected transaction profile or raises suspicions of money laundering or terrorist financing.

5. Are there educational resources available for Wwft compliance? Yes, various Wwft e-learning courses are available for institutions to understand the nuances of Wwft compliance, including transaction monitoring and reporting requirements.